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This Is The Largest Crystal Cave In The World

Crystals are an amazing organic phenomena (not to mention their supposed healing powers). Not only do they come in all the colors of the rainbow and different shapes and textures, they form naturally through the chemical reactions of different minerals in the earth. As crystals form underground, they're hidden treasures until someone finds them. And that's what happened when someone in southern Spain when stumbled across the largest crystal cave - or geode - in the world. Called the Pulpí Geode, this 390-cubic-foot crystal room is straight out of a fairy tale book. 

world's biggest crystal cave found in spain
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Fifteen Aerial Photos of Cities Give a Totally Different Perspective

Every city has it's own personality. The winding alleyways, crowded streets, tree-lined rivers and bustling markets of each city feel like they're the first of their kind. There's nothing like eating a bagel in New York, sipping tea in Istanbul, watching the road crossings in Tokyo, eating macaroons in Paris, or waiting for a herd of cows to cross the road in Delhi. 

Every city is recognizable when photographed from street level - but what about from an aerial view? This collection of fifteen aerial photos give you a completely new and unexpected perspective of the cities we all love. Enjoy exploring, travelers! 

fifteen photos of cities from above
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No More Fillings: Scientists Discover A Way to Grow Back Tooth Enamel

I think we can all agree that going to the dentist is one of the most unpleasant experiences a human can undergo. Just thinking of the shrill whine of the dentist's drill is enough to make me cringe. Unfortunately, going to the dentist is something we all must do if we don't want to have disgusting teeth. However, there is good news: scientists have just figured out a way to grow back tooth enamel, meaning that you might never have to get another filling for those pesky cavities. Hooray!

scientists have created gel that makes tooth enamel grow back
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Massive Glow Emanating From Super Black Hole Has Scientists Baffled

Sagitarius A*, denoted Sgr A*, is a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. Suddenly, scientists noticed it was glowing 75 times brighter than normal. So much so, that they mistook it initially for a nearby star. The brightness was only momentary, as it returned back to its normal state. But the event has scientists excited and baffled.

Super Black Hole Starts Glowing Suddenly, Baffling Scientists Who Are Trying To Figure Out Where It Is Coming From
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Bats Use Leaves As Mirrors To Find Camouflaged Insects

Bats are widely misunderstood creatures in the animal kingdom - while they're associated with witches, vampires and darkness in general, they're actually super cute and interesting. And scientists have just discovered something amazing about them - bats use leaves as "mirrors" that reflect sound waves, helping them find insects hiding behind leaves. Cool, right? Or confusing? Keep on reading, we'll explain everything. 

scientists just discovered that bats can use echolocation to find hiding prey
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Science Never Looked So Good - Stock Photos of the Ghost Particle

These obviously aren't actual photos of the 'ghost particle', but its amazing how creative some publishers will get, when trying to illustrate how some sort of particle on the nano-spectrum looks. Ever since the first detection of neutrons in 1970, scientists have been doing whatever they can to try to learn about, and isolate the particle. But how does one go about identifying the mass of an object that is one of the closest to having no mass? The brightest scientific minds have been working for decades to figure it out. But for now, what we know is simply the upper limit that the mass of these particles could reach. The lower limit could literally be nothing, so there is still a lot of work to do.

 Scientists are saying the discovery begins a new era of space science and research. Maybe one day we'll finally get a selfie with an alien. For now all we can do is wait for the next raid of Area 51 to check out what is really out there beyond out planet.

Scientists determine the maximum mass of a single neutrino known as a ghost particle
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lost city in greece discovered under a hill
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After 2,500 years of searching and not asking for directions, researchers have finally found the ruins of a lost village near the Greek town Vlochós, which is about 190 miles north of Athens. While the area was known and researched, many assumed this part to be irrelevant. Who puts a city under a hill, anyway? Researchers can be so stubborn.

However, a group from the University of Bournemouth and the University of Gothenburg decided against their better judgement and took a closer look at the little village under the hill and found a society of gnomes. Just kidding, they found the the remains of a lost city, reports The Daily Mail.

via Warner Archive

You can actually see the city’s fortress walls, towers, and gates from the air but not from the ground, explaining why no one noticed this before.

“We found a town square and a street grid that indicate that we are dealing with quite a large city,” said fieldwork lead Robin Rönnlund, a PhD student in Classical Archaeology and Ancient History at the University of Gothenburg.

While they hoped to not do any serious excavation, the team already found some “ancient pottery and coins dating as far back as 500 BC.” According to The Daily Mail, the city was abandoned, perhaps due to Roman conquest, around 300 BC.

via Univeristy of Gothenburg

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If there’s one thing we know about reviving dinosaurs for a theme park, it’s that it all starts with something encased in amber.

Dr. John Hammond in the film Jurassic Park resurrects the dinosaurs with a sample of blood from a mosquito. Who knows what he could do with this: A 99-year-old feathered dinosaur tail, which was recently discovered in a Myanmar market.

via National Geographic

The amber is “roughly the size of an apricot” and “captures one of the Earliest moments of differentiation between the feathers of birds of flight and the feathers of dinosaurs.” Though, because of these feathers, the dinosaur was probably unable to fly. This means scientists could actually see the color of the tail, which was “described as chestnut brown with a pale or white underside.”

Of course, up until now, we had thought that discovering something in amber was the first step toward opening a theme park of dinosaurs and getting your grandchildren attacked by a velociraptor or something. But we do we know, we just saw Jurassic Park. It’s not like that makes you an expert in dino attacks and how to prevent them.

via National Geographic

Like many of these types of amber, this one was actually meant to be sold as jewelry. This was just one of two dozen purchased from a Myanmar market. Lisa Xing of the China University of Geoscience, who led the research, told National Geographic that because conflicts between the Myanmar government and the Kachin Independence Army are “nearing end,” the Hukawng Valley, where these ambers are found, will open up and more discoveries can be made.

"Maybe we can find a complete dinosaur.” he said.

And all we can do is watch in horror as this paleontologist casually begins a Jurassic Park scenario that we’re all destined to become wrapped up in.

via Jurassic Park Films

Big Find of The Day: Second Largest Diamond Ever Found in Botswana
Via Time
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Scrooge McDuck would be freaking out right now.

A 1,111 carat diamond has been discovered in Botswana by mining company Lucara. This is the second largest diamond ever discovered, only bested by the diamond used to make the British crown jewels.

It is as almost as big as a tennis ball.

"The significance of the recovery of a gem quality stone larger than 1,000 carats, the largest for more than a century and the continued recovery of high quality stones from the south lobe, cannot be overstated," Lucara CEO William Lamb said in a press release.

Rihanna is reportedly pretty pumped about this discovery.

Scientists find a new species of hominid
Via io9
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We're probably not alone in the universe and we were definitely not alone on this planet.

Scientists have discovered the remains of 15 partial skeletons deep within a South African cave system. They belong to a species of hominid unlike anything ever found before.

They aren't neanderthals, they aren't homo sapiens, but they seem to come from one of our common ancestors. Scientists named the bones homo naledi.



io9 has a good write up on the findings.

While Lee Berger, the lead researcher behind the study, tells New Scientist that the species "doesn't look a lot like us," his team believes that features observed in the skull, hands and teeth of the skeletons make it part of the Homo genus.

They certainly have enough evidence from which to draw that kind of conclusion: the fossil find in the cave system was particularly rich. In fact, the team uncovered an amazing 1,400 bones and 140 teeth during a single field trip to the site. The team reckons the fossils could date back as far as 3 million years — though an accurate date is yet to be confirmed.

...The remains that have so far been studied suggest that Homo naledi was an unusual-looking creature. Its pelvis and shoulder are, apparently, reminiscent of apes that lived 4 million years ago, while its feet resemble Homo sapien remains from just 200,000 years ago. Meanwhile, its skull was much smaller, containing a brain less than half the size of modern humans. The team reckon the creature could have stood 5 feet tall and weighed almost 100 pounds.



What is the craziest part of this discovery is that these non-humans were intelligent enough to pull their dead into the sort of burial chamber, which hints at basic emotional understanding. They knew things!

Mashable put together this great video showcasing some of the researchers who discovered these mysterious hominid cousins:

explorers antarctica discovery awesome science g rated School of FAIL - 8362010112
Via Discovery
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These are the photographs and journal of George Murray Levick, who traveled with Captain Robert Falcon Scott (greatest name ever) on the ill-fated south pole expedition.



Via Discovery:

Levick was one of six men in Scott's Northern Party, who summered (1911-1912) at Cape Adare and survived the winter of 1912 in a snow cave when their ship was unable to reach them. Levick was not part of the team that accompanied Scott on his doomed quest to be the first to reach the South Pole.

After an arduous two-and-a-half month trek, Scott and his crew did make it to the South Pole on Jan. 17, 1912. But they discovered that the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen had beat them to it. Scott and his team died on the way back to their base, faced with a blizzard and dwindling supplies.

national geographic discovery fossils dinosaurs - 8256413440
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Discovery of the feathered dinosaur, dubbed Changyuraptor yangi ("great feather" in Chinese), adds to the roster of feathered raptor dinosaurs with hind wings found in northeastern China in the past two decades. It is the biggest one found so far, and the fifth such species.
discovery argentina fossils dinosaurs - 8194355200
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Paleontologists from the Museum of Paleontology Egidio Feruglio have unearthed around 150 fossilized dinosaur bones, representing seven of what's believed to be the largest known dinosaur to have ever walked the Earth, in the desert about 135 miles west of the city of Trelew in Argentina. The seven are currently thought to be a new species of titanosaur, a group of particularly tall and heavy dinosaur herbivores.